Saturday, August 25, 2012

Ottawa Was Justified in Sending the Komagata Maru Back to India


Ottawa Was Justified in Sending the Komagata Maru Back to India

(IMMIGRATION WATCH, Posted on July 31, 2012 )

This year is the 98th anniversary of the Komagata Maru incident in which several hundred East Indians who had arrived by ship in Vancouver were denied access to Canada.

Although some Sikhs like to portray the KM incident as an incident in which they were victimized, the truth is much different. Here are two reasons why the federal gov't was justified in sending the KM back to India.


Low-wage labourers had precipitated an enormous amount of anger, resentment and worker-displacement in British Columbia for decades. The Sikhs on board the Komagata Maru (as well as the ones who had come a decade or so earlier) belonged to this group. The Chinese and Japanese labourers, who had arrived earlier, had earned in their countries one-twentieth and one tenth respectively of what Canadian workers earned. The East Indians were even cheaper labour. Most had worked in India at wages as low as one-fiftieth of Canadian wages. Canadian workers and Canada's gov't believed the East Indians' low wage tolerance would cause the same worker-displacement problems that the Chinese and Japanese had caused.

How did displacement occur? Chinese labour contractors set the precedent for cheap labourers in B.C. They underbid other contractors or arranged to hire out individual Chinese labourers they imported. To obtain contracts with employers, some of these Chinese contractors bid so low that they lost money on the contracts they signed. To compensate, these contractors required the Chinese labourers to buy food and supplies from them at prices which ensured that the contractors would re-gain the money they had lost on the labour part of their contracts. Some of these contractors became the wealthiest people in B.C.'s Chinatowns.

Like modern snakeheads, Chinese labour contractors virtually owned their labourers. The labourers who came to B.C. could never have afforded to pay their fare from China to Canada and the Head Tax. The Chinese contractor bought steamship tickets and paid the Head Tax for labourers on the condition that the labourers would work for them. To make sure the contractors got repaid, the contractors arranged with employers to have Chinese labourers' wages paid directly to the contractors every payday until the Chinese labourers had paid off their debts. In the early years of this system, it often took two years for the labourers to pay back what they owed.
Many white labourers complained to both Royal Commissioners and to individual politicians that this arrangement meant that Chinese labourers were virtual slave labourers and unfair competitors. They said that these imported workers were displacing them from their jobs or keeping wages low. Many told of white workers who had had to leave the country because of cheap labour. Others complained that the practice of importing contract labourers had discouraged many real settler families (in contrast to single male temporary workers from Asia) from ever coming to Canada. Many modern historians have ignored these complaints and given their sympathy to the Chinese, Japanese and East Indians.

The most dramatic example of potential displacement occurred in 1907. Canada's Deputy Minister of Labour, Mackenzie King, uncovered a Japanese labour contractor's plan to import up to 2000 Japanese labourers probably to displace a large part of the CPR workforce of 5000 in western Canada. Rumours about this plan (and another to displace five hundred coal miners at a Dunsmuir-owned mine on Vancouver Island) had circulated in the Vancouver area prior to the Sept. 7, 1907 Vancouver Riot. Contrary to what the politically correct like to preach today about the cause of the riot, these displacement contracts contributed significantly to that riot.

Also contrary to what some Sikhs contend today, it was not Sikh devotion to the British Empire that resulted in Sikh interest in Canada. Instead, it was a decline in steamship ticket sales to the Chinese (especially after the $500 head tax in 1904) that caused the steamship companies to look to India for replacement passengers. This is a clear example of the connection between the KM incident and earlier cheap labourer incidents. Mackenzie King discovered this when he conducted a Royal Commission in 1907 to find out why about 12,000 Japanese, East Indians and Chinese had arrived in B.C. in the first 10 months of 1907. At this time, the population of Vancouver was about 60,000. Mackenzie King stated that such an influx caused "consternation" in the Vancouver population.
The Royal Commissioners of the 1901 inquiry into Japanese and Chinese immigration to Canada summed up their concern (and probable Canadian concerns in 1907 and with the KM in 1914) in one major question: Does Canada need these cheap labourers? The answer was a resounding "NO !"


The Komagata Maru (KM) incident was preceded by the Panama Maru incident of late 1913. That incident helps to explain much of what happened in the Komagata Maru incident 7 months later. The Panama Maru had docked In Canada with 56 East Indians on October 17, 1913. Most of the passengers had not lived in Canada previously, but claimed that they had. They produced fraudulent money order receipts, time cards, etc. to substantiate their claims. Immigration authorities allowed 17 (those physically recognized to have been here before) to land, but they detained 39 of the 56.

A Board of Inquiry looked into the case and ordered the 39 to be deported, but litigious East Indians in Canada determined to make the Panama Maru case a test case. Their lawyer, J. Edward Bird, appeared before Justice Dennis Murphy, but Murphy denied their claim. Bird then went to Chief Justice Gordon Hunter, notorious for appearing drunk in court and a clear embarrassment to the government. Hunter upheld their appeal on a technicality, so most of the 39 were released. The remaining 4, who had previously been ordered deported for medical reasons, escaped from detention and could not be found.

The Panama Maru incident was a big embarrassment to the federal government. It showed British Columbia that immigration bungling continued and that much stronger measures had to be taken. Immigration authorities became determined, if possible, to avoid the courts and the threat of escape from detention.

Gurdit Singh, the man who organized the KM voyage, had enjoyed litigation success in Singapore and was confident that he could repeat the success in Canada. In fact, despite the warnings of British officials, he boasted to authorities in Hong Kong (the port from which the KM departed for Canada) that he would challenge the Canadian government in court and that after he had succeeded, he would bring up to 25,000 labourers from India to Canada, particularly to B.C. This was not just an economic threat, but also a cultural one. (As a result of Canadian weakness in dealing with these threats today, both have been realized in parts of B.C.) Later in Japan, Singh boasted that 10,000 Indian troops (mostly Sikhs) would rebel if the KM were stopped from landing.
Significantly, in May of 1914, Canada was in the midst of a recession, with very high unemployment. As Gurdit Singh would quickly discover, 1914 was not a wise time to launch a test case for Sikh labourers.

In addition, both the Panama Maru and KM incidents had been preceded by extensive Chinese and Japanese fraud:

A. The Chinese committed extensive fraud to avoid the Head Tax. Essentially, the Head Tax was like a tariff. It tried to discourage cheap Chinese labour from entering Canada. In cases where Chinese still wanted to come, the Head Tax tried to neutralize the wage advantage Chinese labourers had. However, in response to Ottawa's generosity in giving re-entry certificates to Chinese labourers who wanted to return to China for a visit, many sold or loaned these certificates to Chinese in China who evaded the Head Tax when they came to Canada.

Chinese fraud reached epidemic levels after the $500 Head Tax in 1904. In 1910-11, Justice Dennis Murphy conducted a Royal Commission into "Chinese Frauds" . He found many: Chinese had stowed away aboard ships coming to British Columbia; they claimed that they were businessmen (at that time exempt from the Head Tax); they pretended to be sons of businessmen (also exempt from the Head Tax); they impersonated others, etc. He also found that the Chinese interpreter, who was employed to interview incoming Chinese, was involved in the fraud and that he had abetted many to enter Canada illegally. For details see

B. The Japanese also committed much fraud. In order for Japanese to receive naturalization papers which were required to obtain fishing boat licences. In the late 1890′s and early 1900′s, many Japanese had committed perjury when asked to declare how long they had spent in Canada. (A minimum number of years was required.) By 1900, this had resulted in Japanese fishermen owning 45% of all gill-net fishing licences. By committing fraud, they had become an economic force completely disproportionate to their numbers. Their willingness to accept low fish prices caused considerable anger and conflict with other fishermen.

In contrast to chaotic China, Japan had firm control of emigration from Japan. (NOTE: Emigration from China and Japan was a Chinese and Japanese labourer issue. Other Chinese and Japanese were exempt.) In the early 1900′s, Canada was able to negotiate agreements in which Japan either forbade or severely limited Japanese labourers going to Canada. But, in 1907, a Japanese labour contractor company from Vancouver used its corrupt influence to convince the Japanese government to give passports to Japanese labourers to go to Canada.
When this fraud (and other illegal Japanese immigration from Hawaii) was exposed, the Japanese government was so embarrassed that it was eager to make amends. It responded by agreeing to continuous passage legislation which required cheap labourers from Japan to start their trip to Canada from Japan, their home country, not Hawaii. This legislation was applied to India also. The Sikhs like to say they were singled out unjustly, but the truth is that continuous passage legislation was a clear attempt to curb cheap labour, reduce economic hardship for Canadian labourers, and to stop immigration fraud.

All of this fraud, the displacement of Canadian workers and the apparent inability of the federal government to end it combined in the decision to refuse entry to most of the Komagata Maru passengers.
As one Vancouver Sun columnist (Daphne Bramham) has put it, there was little difference between the Komagata Maru incident and the landing of several Chinese ships off the coast of Vancouver Island in 1999. Both were illegal landings and government officials were right to stop them. It is absurd now for Canada to be apologizing to the Sikhs―just as it would be for Canada to apologize to China 100 years from now for sending back most of the Chinese aboard the ships that landed on Vancouver Island.

If some Sikhs want to play the apology game, let's remind them of all the refugee and immigration fraud some of them have recently committed (so well demonstrated by the Laibar Singh case). Let's also remember the turmoil some of them have caused in Canada's labour market as a result of immigration, in our refugee system as a result of the notorious Singh Decision, and in our legal system with the Air India bombing.

The major purpose of the demands of some Sikhs for a Komagata Maru apology is to make Canadians feel that Canada is guilty of a crime. According to these Sikhs, the only way Canada can compensate is to maintain or increase current senselessly-high immigration levels.

The truth is that many Canadians think that if someone should be apologizing, these people should be the ones to apologize to Canada. And the best way they can do that is to stop making demands that Canada cater to them.

The more sensible Sikhs should help them and Canada to achieve this goal.



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Wednesday, August 15, 2012

Big Brother: TrapWire Mass Surveillance Spy Network Operating in Canada recently released documents from WikiLeaks indicate

Big Brother:  TrapWire Mass Surveillance Spy Network Operating in Canada recently released documents from WikiLeaks indicate


TrapWire is a Minority Report-like, global facial-recognition surveillance system designed to spy on American's (and now Canadians)

Britian's Daily Mail compared the TrapWire system to the movie "The Bourne Identity" which tracks Jason Bourne's movements through a series of civilian cameras and digital feeds.



Recently released confidential documents from StratFor (Strategic Forecasting intelligence agency) posted on the WikiLeaks network, details one of the largest predictive facial-recognition surveillance programs in operation today – known as TrapWire.  Some of the documents indicate that the TrapWire program is in operation in Canada via the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.


According to The Daily Mail "Trapwire is a security system that uses CCTV cameras to relay encrypted images of people to a data centre. These are then compared with images from various other cameras to track suspicious activity."  The system was designed by former high-ranking CIA operatives and others in the Pentagon and DHS.  StratFor describes their system as "a software system designed to work with camera systems to help detect patterns of pre-operational surveillance, that can be focused on critical areas to help cut through the fog of noise and activity and draw attention to potential threats."  (Stratfor operates in Canada, and was recently accused of spying on PETA activists, among others in Canada at the behest of Coca-Cola during the 2010 Olympics in BC)


The Daily Mail reports that: "Anyone who takes a photograph at high-risk locations is logged as a suspected terrorist on a vast network of secret spy cameras linked to the U.S. Government, according to leaked emails. People pointing cameras in New York are regarded as suspicious and the facial recognition images of them from the civilian CCTV are fed into a data centre run by U.S. firm Abraxas. The system then connects with hundreds of other cameras in a bid to pinpoint potential terrorist activity … The TrapWire system is linked to civilian CCTV cameras." In a scary comparison, the Daily Mail continues "It has disturbing echoes of the film, The Bourne Identity starring Matt Damon, in which CIA officials use a network of spy cameras to track around the world someone they though they had assassinated."


The TrapWire spy network has the potential to become a significant threat to civil liberties and privacy.  It records your facial-recognition signature and stores it in government databases for – who knows – to access. (and we know how good the government is at protecting confidential data)  


It would not be surprising to see government data-mining operations which would link your facial-recognition signature captured by secret government cameras into other government held confidential records like your driver's license or health card photo.  Once a match has been made, and your digital "fingerprint" – the retained facial-recognition data – is correlated with your name, address and other personally identifiable data which would enable the government to create a digital profile of your life.  And this would all be done without any prior judicial restraint or pesky questions from the media or civil libertarians. 


As we have seen, the entire TrapWire program has been deployed in secret and cloaked under the guise of national security … and how could you be against National Security? – unless you're a terrorist!  Thanks to whistleblower websites which have exposed this story to the light of day, or the entire big brother surveillance operation would have gone on without any scrutiny whatsoever.



Canadian TrapWire Connection


WikiLeaks has posted an email by Stratfor Vice President of Intelligence Fred Burton ( sent on July 16, 2010, which boast of some of the TrapWire deployments:


"TrapWire for the Great State of Texas is a go. Cash should begin to flow to Abraxas within 10 days. As many of you old-timers know, we arranged to get a cut. I think the first dump is $250,000 to Abraxas, with an annual renewal of $150,000 per year for the TrapWire license. The point man for the project worked directly for me at DPS. Abraxas has done work already pro-bono as good will. TrapWire may be the most successful invention on the GWOT since 9-11. I knew these hacks when they were GS-12's at the CIA. God Bless America. Now they have EVERY major HVT (High-Value Target) in CONUS, the UK, Canada, Vegas, Los Angeles, NYC as clients."


WikiLeaks has a further email by Burton from September 2010, where he boasts about having the Royal Canadian Mounted Police on his client list for TrapWire:


> -----Original Message-----

> From: Fred Burton []

> Sent: Thursday, September 23, 2010 7:54 AM

> To: Anya Alfano

> Subject: Re: TrapWire (TW)


> The agencies with TW are potentially the single biggest captive audience

> we have that could purchase something from us especially in the govt

> arena. Do you know how much a Lockheed Martin would pay to have their

> logo/feed into the USSS CP? MI5? RCMP? LAPD CT? NYPD CT? Its

> unbelievable access. Either we handle this one right, or we'll fall

> flat on our faces.



Slate Magazine published an interesting comment from the RCMP on the TrapWire program.  The RCMP is in damage control mode (IE: Moron mode), and in typical fashion, claims to not know anything about the TrapWire program but even if they did, they would not reveal it on "policy grounds".  Slate Magazine reports:  "The Stratfor emails—which are hardly a reliable source of up-to-date information—also suggest TrapWire is being used in Canada by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and in London by Scotland Yard and the Stock Exchange. RCMP said it couldn't offer any insight into why it was mentioned in the Stratfor email and wouldn't comment on technologies it uses or does not use on policy grounds."


Gee, I wonder what "policy grounds" the RCMP is talking about?  Smells like a typical cover-up by highly-paid state bureaucrats intent on keeping the big bucks rolling in to perpetuate the lie they are fighting "terrorism". (while real hardcore terrorists are welcomed with open-arms to Canada – re: Khadr family)  As an interesting side note on Canada's Spies, the Globe and Mail reported today on the incompetent morons at the Canadian Security "Intelligence" Service (CSIS) and more corruption, which CSIS lackeys term "security lapses" (which the Globe describes as "inappropriate access to CSIS databases")


@OccupyBayStreet posted an interview with TTC chair Adam Giambrone on the deployment on TrapWire in Toronto's transit infrastructure. (You can hear the interview here: Trapwire: Costs & Racial Profiling. Interview with Adam Giambrone, former TTC Chair) According to Giambrone, the TTC is not currently using TrapWire technology to monitor transit users.


Freedom in Canada?


free·dom / frēdəm /


    - The power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint.

    - Absence of subjection to foreign domination or despotic government.


What ever happened to the notion of freedom in Canada?  Have we really become the land of censorship by stealth?  Do we really want to give the Canadian Government the power to monitor our actions and movements via a system of complex facial-recognition systems?  Were we asked – or even told – that such systems are being deployed across Canada at the probable cost of millions to Canadian tax-payers?  How has the false concept of "national security" been used to deny even the most basic requests to the state for information on their spying programs and infiltration operations?


I'm with the former Minnesota governor Jessie Ventura who recently said "I'd rather face the terrorists than lose any of my freedoms".  Sadly here in Canada, our government welcomes the terrorists with open arms, and censors anyone who dares expose what they are doing.





-Marc Lemire

August 14, 2012